What Are the Components of Structured Cabling?
In recent years, there have been major developments in cable systems. Previously, these systems used to have just a few pairs of copper wires that linked to the primary device using components. However, the latest systems now offer state-of-the-art connectivity that can transport high-speed voice and data signals. Nowadays, structured cabling systems consist of six distinct components, with each one playing a significant role in the overall setup.
What does structure cabling mean?
Structured cabling is an all-encompassing wiring system that connects essential hardware to ensure the smooth functioning of telecommunications infrastructure. Its primary function is to facilitate telephone service and data transmission via computer networks. It can be implemented in smaller settings such as a building or larger settings like a network of buildings or an entire campus.
Structured cabling, which is a well-organized wiring method that connects all hardware involved in the data transmission cycle, is mainly available in the form of optical cabling, twisted pair cabling, patch cables, and patch panels. The cabling system has come under immense strain due to the increasing amount of data transferred, necessitating an upgraded version of the existing network system to reduce business downtime.
What are the signs that your business needs structured cabling?
The signs of network infrastructure issues can be clear if you know what to look for. While it may be tempting to blame your ISP for connection problems, the issue may actually lie within your physical domain.
If your IT team is constantly troubleshooting connection issues and replacing parts that keep failing, it may be a sign that your infrastructure needs a refresh, as electrical components have a finite lifespan.
When moving offices, it’s important for your IT department to evaluate the existing structured cable network to ensure it meets your needs, regardless of how new the building is.
Slow speeds may be caused by outdated or incompatible equipment, so it’s worth checking your structured cabling. If your office still has analog phone wiring, it’s time to upgrade to Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), which is a superior technology that offers numerous benefits.
Additionally, thanks to the PoE standard for CAT 6a Ethernet cable, your security and video surveillance equipment can run on a single set of cables and reach places that you may not have thought possible.
What are the different components of structured cabling?
As previously mentioned, structured cabling refers to a system of network cables that facilitates efficient data transfer and uninterrupted operation of telecommunication networks in business settings. The backbone of structured cabling is made up of six subsystems that play a crucial role in ensuring the smooth transmission of data. Now, let’s explore the various types of subsystems:
- Entrance Facilities
The entrance facilities serve as a means of connecting external cables or wires to the equipment inside a building. This subsystem plays a crucial role in connecting internal networks, such as Ethernet, to external networks that use fiber, copper, or coax. A well-connected entrance facility is essential for ensuring the smooth operation of electronic equipment.
- Cable Distribution
The cable distribution system is responsible for effectively linking the entrance facilities to various equipment located throughout the building or campus, thereby connecting external cabling outlets to internal cabling in predetermined locations. In some cases, cable distribution can be a crucial factor for specific types of telecommunications equipment.
- Equipment Rooms
An equipment room is a designated area that accommodates patch panel connections to all six subsystems, as well as various network switches, servers, and other devices. This space must adhere to specific temperature requirements as per guidelines.
- Backbone Cabling
To connect various equipment and entrance facilities across different floors of a building, backbone cabling is used. It typically involves using cabling types such as Cat 6, Cat 6a, Cat 7, Cat 5a, Cat 5e, single-mode fiber, and multi-mode fiber.
- Horizontal cabling
Horizontal cabling facilitates the transfer of data from telecommunications rooms to various servers and networks located within the business building.
- Telecommunication rooms
The telecommunication rooms are spacious rooms situated at the heart of a building, containing numerous horizontal cables that link server rooms across various floors and departments. This area accommodates essential equipment that needs protection and shielding in the event of a fire.
Why should businesses prefer structured cabling over traditional cabling?
Implementing a reliable and efficient network system is crucial for a well-maintained and cost-effective organization. Here are some of the benefits offered by structured cabling:
A structured cabling system simplifies an organization’s work processes by integrating various cabling systems in one location. This makes it easy to identify and rectify problems if they arise. Additionally, it facilitates proper connections between IT equipment, devices, laptops, mobile phones, and other devices of the organization simultaneously.
Structured cabling systems offer scalability, which allows businesses to easily adapt to different introductions in the business ecosystem. It is easier and affordable to implement new applications and equipment such as video conferencing, video and audio upgrades, VoIP systems, and others, without causing downtime.
Structured cabling systems increase reliability and effectiveness, minimizing downtime. Since the entire infrastructure operates on a single network, it is easier to detect any irregularities and resolve issues quickly.
Structured cabling systems are adaptable and flexible, facilitating additional processing volume without fear of system breakdown or downtime. These systems offer high bandwidth and precision adaptability, improving cost-effectiveness.
Structured cabling systems ensure the safety of business data. Authorized users have access to the system, minimizing the threat of data theft. Implementing structured cabling systems also effectively safeguards businesses from cybersecurity issues.
Streamlined Work Processes
Structured cabling systems streamline work processes in the organization by hiding wires and cables behind walls, under the flooring, above the walls, etc. This keeps the system organized and helps avoid clutter, making it easier for employees to work efficiently.
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